Honey is a sugary-based substance produced by bees. It is obtained from the nectar of the flowers that bees forage, transform, combine with their own specific matter, store and leave to mature in the frame of the hive. This substance can be fluid, thick or crystallized. Honey is used to make pastries and sweets. It is flavorful and it can replace sugar in some cases. It is also an antibacterial agents used in medicine.
Terroir and origin
Honey can have different tastes. It depends on the variety of flowers foraged by the bees. Bees can gather nectar from a single variety of flower, if hives are located in the middle of a field, for example a field of lavender.
The best known are the acacia honey, lavender honey and chestnut honey…
Honey can also come from a mix between different varieties of flowers, we call then all flower honey.
Our healthy and rural territory is one of the best for the production of honey and many people own hives.
- Around 10 000 hives in the Lot area. (professional and family Apiary)
- Production from the Lot area range from 130 to 270 tons per year.
Bees at work :
• Harvest of nectar: the bee collects nectar with its tongue.
• Transportation to the hive: the bee stores the nectar in its crop during transport.
• Transformation of the nectar into honey: Bees mix the nectar, and exchange it from bees to bees. This is how the nectar turns into honey.
• Storage of honey in the alveolus: honey is stored at the bottom of the alveolus. Bees use it as food during the cold season. The alveolus are sealed with a plug of wax and so honey can be kept for several months.
Work of the beekeeper:
• Retrieving frames from beehives.
• Removing the thin layer of wax that closes the alveolus to allow honey to flow.
• Extracting the honey using an extractor. Whe it turns, the extractor brings out the honey from the alveolus.
• Filtering the honey to extract impurities (pollen, bee legs and wings …).
• After a few days of rest, the remaining impurities are brought back to the surface. The beekeeper remove them and can pot the honey.